U.S. Highway 23

Through Hazlehurst, U.S. 23 was relocated onto Georgia 19 to partially bypass the Jeff Davis County seat. The former route through Downtown was redesignated as U.S. 23 Business. Both changes were approved by AASHTO on May 25, 1987.

Another bypass added to U.S. 23 takes the route 4.1 miles around the east side of Cochran. The former route through the seat of Bleckley County was redesignated U.S. 23 Business. AASHTO signed off on these changes on June 26, 1985.

Prior to 1971, U.S. 23 overlapped with U.S. 41 northwest from Macon to Forsyth, and ran northeast along Georgia 42 from there to Georgia 87 near Flovilla. Within Macon U.S. 23 combined with U.S. 80 across the OcMulgee River along Spring Street, and with U.S. 41 Business along Georgia and Vineville Avenues. The US highway was realigned onto SR 87 (Riverside Drive) leading northwest from Downtown Macon, and the state route overall to Dames Ferry, Juliette and Flovilla. The relocation was approved by AASHTO on June 23, 1971.

Through Dekalb County and Atlanta, U.S. 23 runs north along Moreland Avenue to combine with U.S. 29-78-278 (Ponce De Leon Avenue) east to Decatur. The route previously traveled along Briar Cliff Road north to North Druid Hills Road and Brookhaven, where it joined Buford Highway northeast to Chamblee. AASHTO signed off on the realignment of U.S. 23 east from Briar Cliff Road to overtake SR 155 (Clairmont Road) north from Decatur to Buford Highway (SR 13) at Chamblee on November 14, 1980. SR 42 remains along the former route through Druid Hills and North Druid Hills.

U.S. 23 follows Buford Highway (SR 13) northeast through Doraville, Norcross, Duluth and Suwanee. The route shifts south from Buford Highway at Sugar Hill, overlapping with SR 20 (Buford Drive) to merge with Interstate 985 north to Gainesville. This change was finalized by AASHTO on October 26, 1969, after the SR 365 freeway opened to traffic from I-85 northeast to New Holland (Old Cornelia Highway).

Continuing north from Gainesville, U.S. 23 extends along an expressway 28.7 miles to U.S. 123 outside Toccoa. The four-lane roadway was complete from Gainesville northeast to Cornelia by 1981. The AASHTO approved relocation on June 25, 1981 included the elimination of U.S. 23 Business from Baldwin to U.S. 23 north of Cornelia. U.S. 441 accompanies the route northward from Cornelia to the North Carolina state line. Both highways were relocated to bypass the cities of Demorest and Clarkesville, with extension of their shared expressway north from U.S. 123 to Georgia 385. AASHTO approved the relocation on June 4, 1990.


U.S. 23-29 North & U.S. 78 and Georgia 8 East
A six pack of reassurance shields for U.S. 23-29-78-278 and Georgia 8-10 is posted at the gateway to Springdale Park on Ponce De Leon Avenue eastbound in Atlanta. The roadway straddles parkland through to the Decatur city line. Photo taken 01/17/04.
U.S. 278 & Georgia 10 depart Ponce De Leon for Lake Road at Deepdene Park near the Atlanta city line. U.S. 278 & Georgia 10 follow Howard Avenue through downtown Decatur (pop. 18,147), and eastern suburb of Atlanta. Georgia 10 returns to U.S. 78 near Stone Mountain. Photo taken 01/17/04.
U.S. 29 & 78 guide signs posted at the U.S. 278 & Georgia 10 (Lake Road) intersection with Ponce De Leon Avenue. Photo taken 01/17/04.
U.S. 23-29 north & U.S. 78 and Georgia 8 eastbound reassurance shield assembly on Ponce De Leon Avenue after the U.S. 278 & Georgia 10 eastbound split. Photo taken 01/17/04.
U.S. 23-29 north & U.S. 78 and Georgia 8 east pass underneath a narrow railroad overcrossing before parting ways with Ponce De Leon Avenue at the city of Decatur. The four-way overlap turn northeasterly onto Scott Boulevard through Decatur itself. Ponce De Leon meanwhile continues eastward to the center of town and Clarkston (pop. 7,231). Photo taken 01/17/04.
A second set of U.S. 29 & 78 guide signs is posted at the Scott Boulevard split from Ponce De Leon Avenue. Ponce De Leon Avenue at one time carried U.S. 29 Business & Georgia 8 into downtown Decatur to Church Street. At Church Street U.S. 29 Business & Georgia 8 turned northward to a return to U.S. 29 & U.S. 78 (Scott Boulevard). U.S. 29 Business was terminated and Georgia 8 realigned during the 1990s. Photo taken 01/17/04.
Scott Boulevard eastbound approaching Georgia 155 (Clairmont Road). Georgia 155 straddles the eastern suburbs of Atlanta via Flat Schoals Parkway, Candler Road/Avenue, Clairmont Avenue/Road. Photo taken 01/17/04.
The junction of U.S. 23-29-78 and Georgia 8 (Scott Boulevard) with Georgia 155 (Clairmont Road) represents the eastern extant of the U.S. 23 overlap with U.S. 29-78 and Georgia 8. U.S. 23 turns northward ahead onto Clairmont Road with Georgia 155 through to the original Buford Highway alignment near Chamblee (pop. 9,552). Photo taken 01/17/04.
U.S. 23 departs Scott Boulevard for Clairmont Road (Georgia 155). U.S. 29 north & U.S. 78 and Georgia 8 eastbound continue along Scott Boulevard for another two miles to North Dekalb. Photo taken 01/17/04.
U.S. 23 & 441 North
Georgia 365, which is all but hidden between Gainesville (pop. 25,578) and U.S. 123, reappears at this sign bridge for the eastbound beginning of U.S. 123. U.S. 23 & 441 and Georgia 15 continue their marriage northwards to the Tennessee State Line as Georgia 365 bids farewell via U.S. 123 eastward to the South Carolina State Line. Georgia 17 enters the scene from Clarkesville (pop. 1,248) to the west and joins the U.S. 123 & Georgia 365 mix eastward to Toccoa (pop. 9,323). Lavonia (pop. 1,827) is displayed on the right-hand panel for the southbound control city of Georgia 17. This town is located along Georgia 17 at Interstate 85. Photo taken 10/15/01.
U.S. 23 & 441 South
U.S. 23/441 and Georgia 15 southbound reassurance shields within the U.S. 123 terminus interchange. The overpass funnels traffic from U.S. 123 south to U.S. 23 & 441 south. Overall U.S. 123 is a short route linking northeastern Georgia with Greenville, South Carolina. Photo taken 10/15/01.
The rural splendor of northeast Georgia is evident in this southbound U.S. 23& 441 and Georgia 15 scene approaching the junction of Business U.S. 441 near Cornelia (pop. 3,674). Georgia 385 overlaps with Business U.S. 441 northward through Demorest (pop. 1,465) and Clarkesville. Business U.S. 441 follows old U.S. 441 through the town of Cornelia with Georgia 105. Georgia 105 links U.S. 23 & 441 with the town of Cleveland (pop. 1,907). Photo taken 10/15/01.
Button copy signage placed before the parting of U.S. 441/Georgia 15 from U.S. 23/Georgia 365. Georgia 365 remains the counterpart for U.S. 23 between Buford and U.S. 123. U.S. 441 and Georgia 15 travel southward toward the city of Athens (pop. 100,266) and Interstate 85 (near Commerce pop. 5,292). The University of Georgia home is located 44 miles to the south of this junction. Photo taken 10/15/01.
U.S. Highway 23-29 South & U.S. 78 and Georgia 80 West
U.S. 23-29 south & U.S. 78-278 and Georgia 8-10 westbound (Ponce De Leon Avenue) at Moreland Avenue (Georgia 42) in Atlanta. Here U.S. 23 departs the six-way overlap for Mooreland Avenue southbound (Georgia 42). U.S. 23 did not always share pavement with U.S. 29-78-278. The U.S. highway originally continued northward with its state route counterpart Georgia 42 along Briercliff and Druid Hill Roads to Georgia 13 (Buford Highway). From there U.S. 23 took the Buford Highway northward to Clairmont Road (Georgia 155). The routing change to Ponce De Leon Avenue and Clairmont Roads occurred in the late 1990s. Photos taken 01/17/04.

Page Updated March 7, 2004.

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