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Interstate 595 - Port Everglades Expressway

Interstate 595 Routing

Interstate 595 is the sole east-west expressway in Broward County, from the Interstate 75 and Florida 869 (Sawgrass Expressway) stack interchange east to U.S. 1 and Florida A1A in Fort Lauderdale at Port Everglades. It is officially named the Port Everglades Expressway, and it is popularly known as "595" by locals. The secret state road designation for Interstate 595 is Florida 862, which is consistent with the state road numbering system in South Florida.

Interstate 595 parallels Florida 84 for its entire length, leaving Florida 84 as a pair of one way frontage roads to the north and south side of Interstate 595 between Interstate 75 and near Florida's Turnpike. According the Florida Department of Transportation Exit Numbering Webpage, along Interstate 595, interchanges are located at the following locations:

  • Exit 0 - Interstate 75/Toll Florida 869
  • Exit 1A - SW 136th Avenue (westbound only)
  • Exit 1B - Florida 823 (Flamingo Road)
  • Exit 2 - Hiatus Road (southbound only)
  • Exit 3 - Nob Hill Road
  • Exit 4 - Pine Island Road
  • Exit 5 - Florida 817 (University Drive)
  • Exit 7 - Davie Road
  • Exit 8 - Florida's Turnpike (Florida 91) and U.S. 441 (Florida 7) (westbound)
  • Exit 8A - Florida's Turnpike (Florida 91) (eastbound)
  • Exit 8B - U.S. 441 (Florida 7) (eastbound)
  • Exit 9 - Florida 84 (eastbound)
  • Exit 10A - Interstate 95 north to Fort Lauderdale
  • Exit 10B - Interstate 95 south to Miami
  • Exit 12A - Junction U.S. 1 south to Fort Lauderdale/Hollywood International Airport
  • Exit 12B - Junction U.S. 1 north to Fort Lauderdale

Interstate 595 History

Interstate 595 follows what was originally proposed as the Port Everglades Expressway (sometimes called the "Port Expressway"). The Port Everglades Expressway was proposed to follow an east-west path roughly along the Florida 84 corridor. It would start in western Broward County and extend east to U.S. 1/Florida A1A near Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport. The freeway was so named because it would connect Fort Lauderdale's Port Everglades to Naples via Florida 84 (Alligator Alley). As envisioned in 1969, the Port Everglades Expressway was planned to be six lanes for the easternmost section (between U.S. 1 and U.S. 441) and four lanes for the remaining sections. Originally, the freeway was planned to be a toll road, and it was planned to be built in one phase between 1969 and 1975 according to the initial proposed funding methods.

The state and Broward County collaborated on the 1969 plan, which envisioned the Port Everglades Expressway as the major freeway link that would act as the main east-west corridor in Broward County. It would also link Port Everglades to the Everglades Parkway, which is popularly known as the Alligator Alley, which nominally became part of Interstate 75 in 1977. The route of Interstate 75 changed in 1977 from the U.S. 41 corridor along Tamiami Trail to the Everglades Parkway/Alligator Alley corridor. As a result, the Port Everglades Expressway would now provide a direct connection to the longest Interstate in Florida, Interstate 75. Interstate 75 would then pass within a few miles of Interstate 95 before Interstate 75 would turn south toward Hialeah and Miami. As a result of this modification of Interstate routes in 1977, the Port Everglades Expressway was suddenly seen as a crucial Interstate link, thus offering a direct Interstate connection from Fort Lauderdale to Naples, Fort Myers, and the Gulf Coast.

As news of Interstate 75's new route sunk in, the Florida Department of Transportation reconfigured its plans for the Port Everglades Expressway. First, it was determined that it would not be a toll road. Instead, the Port Everglades Expressway would be built as an Interstate route, and the state began the process to obtain needed funding to do so. Even though the Port Everglades Expressway would be a spur from Interstate 75 and the Alligator Alley, it was numbered as a spur from Interstate 95. Since Interstate 195 and Interstate 395 already existed, the next logical number would be Interstate 595. A spur designation from Interstate 75 (such as Interstate 575) was apparently never considered, most likely the original funded segment was the easternmost portion between Interstate 95 and U.S. 1. In fact, the lack of funding for the westernmost section of Interstate 595 almost caused the western third of the Interstate highway to become a toll road after all.

So even with the creation of the Interstate 595 designation, the "lack of funding" issue refused to dissipate. As costs escalated and time marched onward, only a portion of needed Interstate Highway funding was secured by the state in the late 1970s and early 1980s. The remaining funds were not identified. Tolls were again considered, but the Federal Highway Administration guidelines of the time frowned upon tolls as a method of financing Interstate Highways. In fact, the toll portion of the Port Everglades Expressway basically could not be designated as an Interstate.

However, Congressman Clay Shaw led a group to prevent the Port Everglades Expressway from becoming a toll highway similar to east-west Florida 112/Airport Expressway and Florida 836/Dolphin Expressway in Miami-Dade County. A former mayor of Fort Lauderdale, Shaw worked with then-Senator (future Governor) Lawton Chiles in 1983 to craft a bill that would allow states to build freeways with money appropriated for repairs. This effort would have freed up to $150 million to construct Interstate 595 and eliminate the proposed tolls, but it failed in the House of Representatives, which deleted that part of the bill in November 1983.

A solution to this issue came in February 1984, when another bill offered to fund Interstate 595 through a loophole that classified the proposed toll section of the Interstate as a "reconstruction" of Florida 84, part of which was already designated as Interstate 75. Through this mechanism, Chiles and Shaw enabled Interstate 595 to become fully funded and passed both the Senate and the House; then-President Ronald Reagan signed the bill on March 11, 1984. In addition, the federal Department of Transportation allocated $21 million to finance the construction of Interstate 595 near Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport on March 2, 1984. With these actions, toll booths were removed from the plans for Interstate 595. Finally, on May 25, 1984, the Senate passed another bill allowing Florida to borrow against anticipated federal highway construction money passed. The bill, sponsored by Senator Jim Scott from Fort Lauderdale, would shave off 18 months of the construction time to construct Interstate 595 by eliminating inflation.

In 1984, plans were finalized for Interstate 595. It was similar to the original plan for the Port Expressway from 1969, but a modified alignment was chosen between Interstate 95 and University Drive, where it would run directly side-by-side with Florida 84 and the New River Canal on a slightly more northern track. Under this plan, Florida 84 would remain an independent road from Florida's Turnpike east to U.S. 1, where flyover ramps would transform the state road into a frontage road that would follow Interstate 595 west until Davie Road. From Davie Road west to the Alligator Alley, Florida 84 would become a set of one way frontage roads to the Interstate, with turnarounds at interchanges providing U-turns without motorists having to drive through two signalized intersections.

Interstate 595 was originally built to the following specifications:

  • Eight lanes from Interstate 75/Toll Florida 869 east to Flamingo Road
  • Six lanes from Flamingo Road east to University Drive plus two auxiliary lanes
  • Eight lanes from University Drive to Interstate 95
  • Six lanes from Interstate 95 east to U.S. 1

There would be an elevated section between Interstate 95 and U.S. 441 as Interstate 595 would traverse the Pond Apple Slough, a wetland preserve. All of its interchanges would be diamonds, except four-level stack at Interstate 75 and Toll Florida 869 (Sawgrass Expressway), a trumpet at Florida's Turnpike, a four-level partial cloverleaf at U.S. 441, and a four-level stack at Interstate 95. At University Drive, there would be dual flyovers to provide non-stop northbound to westbound and southbound to eastbound connections, in addition to the diamond ramps.

On July 26, 1984, Governor Bob Graham and other state politicians held a gala groundbreaking for the construction of Interstate 595, and construction started later that day for the projected $1.2 billion Interstate. Until 1984, Interstate 595 would be the most expensive road in Florida history. In April 1987, construction started on the massive western interchange with Interstate 75 and Florida 869. In May 1988, the first 2 1/3 mile section of Interstate 595 opened, from Interstate 75 east to Hiatus Road. On February 24, 1989, a second 5.3-mile section opened from Florida's Turnpike east to U.S. 1. After five years of construction, on October 21, 1989, the entire section of Interstate 595 (12.8 miles between Interstate 75 and U.S. 1) opened with a ribbon cutting, a six-mile parade, and opening day events. Even with the grand opening of the freeway, the major interchanges at Interstate 95, Florida's Turnpike, and Interstate 75/Toll Florida 869 were not complete yet, and they would not be complete until 1991. However, the freeway gap between eastern and western Broward County was now closed: Interstate 595 offered a connection across Broward County and to Interstate 75 across the Everglades.

Interstate 595 was officially approved as an Interstate on June 11, 1990, when some of the freeway-to-freeway connections to Interstate 95 were completed.

Many thanks to Justin Cozart and Jason Learned for the background information about Florida's Interstate 595. This information was originally posted on TropicalTurnpikes.com and is reproduced with permission by Justin Cozart.

Eastbound Interstate 595
After the Interstate 75/Toll Florida 869 interchange, Interstate 595 east begins as a six-lane freeway. Photo taken 12/28/03.
Most shields found on Interstate 595 are this kind of shield, with three digits squeezed into a two-digit shield. This small Interstate 595 shield is found along eastbound after the Interstate 75 interchange. Photo taken 12/28/03.
The Road Ranger Program assists motorists in need along the Interstate 595 corridor, as shown by this blue guide sign. Photo taken 12/28/03.
The first exit along eastbound is Exit 1B, Junction Florida 823/Flamingo Road north to Sunrise and south to Davie and Miramar. Photo taken 12/28/03.
After the gore point for Exit 1B, Interstate 595 loses its right lane, thus reverting back to a six-lane freeway. Photo taken 12/28/03.
The next exit along eastbound is Exit 2, Hiatus Road. Photo taken 12/28/03.
Hiatus Road travels south from Interstate 595 and Florida 84 (frontage road) into the city of Davie. Photo taken 12/28/03.
The next exit along eastbound is Exit 3, Nob Hill Road. Photo taken 12/28/03.
Between Interstate 75 and Florida's Turnpike, a small grassy median separates the two directions of traffic. With the anticipated needs for expansion on the Interstate 595 corridor, it is likely that all remnants of grassy medians might be eliminated in the future to add more lanes. Photo taken 12/28/03.
Eastbound Interstate 595 reaches Exit 3, Nob Hill Road, which travels south into Davie and north into Plantation. Photo taken 12/28/03.
The next three exits along eastbound are Exit 4, Pine Island Road; Exit 5, Junction Florida 817/University Drive; and Exit 7, Davie Road. Photo taken 12/28/03.
Pine Island Road is a north-south route that connects Davie to the south with Plantation to the north. Photo taken 12/28/03.
The right lane exits only onto a slip ramp that connects to eastbound Florida 84 before the frontage road intersects Pine Island Road. Photo taken 12/28/03.
The next exit along eastbound Interstate 595 is Exit 5, Junction Florida 817/University Drive. Use Florida 817 north to Plantation, Sunrise, Tamarac, and Coral Springs and south to Cooper City and Miramar. Photo taken 12/28/03.
The next three exits along eastbound are Exit 5, Junction Florida 817/University Drive; Exit 7, Davie Road; and Exit 8A, Florida's Turnpike. Photo taken 12/28/03.
Westbound Interstate 595 reaches Exit 5, Junction Florida 817/University Drive. Photo taken 12/28/03.
An advance sign for Exit 8A, Junction Florida's Turnpike, is placed two and a half miles prior to the exit ramp. The next exit is Exit 7, Davie Road. Photo taken 12/28/03.
The next three exits along eastbound are Exit 7, Davie Road; Exit 8A, Florida's Turnpike; and Exit 8B, U.S. 441. Photo taken 12/28/03.
These flyover ramps are part of the connection from northbound Florida 817 to westbound Interstate 595 and from southbound Florida 817 to eastbound Interstate 595. Photo taken 12/28/03.
The next exit along eastbound is Exit 7, Davie Road. Photo taken 12/28/03.
The right lane becomes exit only for Exit 7, Davie Road (S.W. 64th Avenue). Photo taken 12/28/03.
Eastbound Interstate 595 reaches Exit 7, Davie Road (S.W. 64th Avenue) south to Davie. After this interchange, Florida 84 eastbound briefly (and silently) merges with eastbound Interstate 595; the two routes will again split at Exit 8C. Photo taken 12/28/03.
A small mileage sign provides the distance to the next three exits: Exit 8A, Florida's Turnpike; Exit 8B, U.S. 441; and Exit 8C, Florida 84. Photo taken 12/28/03.
The next two exits are Exit 8A, Florida's Turnpike and Exit 8B, U.S. 441. Florida's Turnpike is a major route that connects Central Florida with South Florida, and it is heavily traveled by tourists. U.S. 441 generally parallels Florida's Turnpike through the same regions, and is thus provides a local connection to most destinations served by the turnpike. Photo taken 12/28/03.
Eastbound Interstate 595 reaches Exit 8A, Junction Florida's Turnpike south to Key West and north to West Palm Beach. Photo taken 12/28/03.
Due to limited sight distance in the Interstate 595/Florida's Turnpike interchange area, there are two advance signs for the U.S. 441/Florida 7 offramp (Exit 8B). Photo taken 12/28/03.
Eastbound Interstate 595/Port Everglades Expressway (and silently merged Florida 84) reach Exit 8B, Junction U.S. 441/Florida 7 north to Fort Lauderdale and Lauderhill Mall and south to Hollywood. The next exit is Exit 8A, Junction Florida 84. Photo taken 12/28/03.
This sign assembly is located on the ramp from Florida's Turnpike to Interstate 595, Florida 84, and U.S. 441/Florida 7. (This sign can be partially seen in the previous photobox.) Photo taken 12/28/03.
The next exit along eastbound Interstate 595 is Exit 9, Junction Florida 84 east. Florida 84 pulls away from Interstate 595 permanently via S.W. 24th Street en route to Fort Lauderdale, U.S. 1, and the Greater Fort Lauderdale Broward County Convention Center. Photo taken 12/28/03.
The final five exits along eastbound are Exit 10A, Junction Interstate 95 south; Exit 10B, Junction Interstate 95 north; Exit 12A, Junction U.S. 1 south; Exit 12B, Junction U.S. 1 north; and Exit 12C, Eller Drive east. Photo taken 12/28/03.
The next exit along eastbound is the junction with Interstate 95 (Exits 10A-B). Photo taken 12/28/03.
The left three lanes continue east on Interstate 595, while the two right lanes exit onto Interstate 95 south (Exit 10A) and north (Exit 10B). Photo taken 12/28/03.
Eastbound Interstate 595 reaches Exit 10A, Junction Interstate 95 north to Fort Lauderdale, West Palm Beach, and Jacksonville. The next exit along eastbound is Exit 10B, Junction Interstate 95 south to Miami. Photo taken 12/28/03.
The right two lanes of eastbound Interstate 595 exit onto Interstate 95 south. Photo taken 12/28/03.
Eastbound Interstate 595 reaches Exit 10B, Junction Interstate 95/Florida 9 south to Hollywood and Miami. Photo taken 12/28/03.
Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport and its expansive runways come into view to the south of the freeway, as seen here along eastbound Interstate 595/Port Everglades Expressway. Photo taken 12/28/03.
The final interchange along eastbound Interstate 595 (Port Everglades Expressway) is Exits 12A-B-C, Junction U.S. 1 south, U.S. 1 north, and Eller Drive east to Port Everglades. Photo taken 12/28/03.
For return car return, follow blue signs such as this one to either Port Everglades (Eller Drive) or northbound U.S. 1. Photo taken 12/28/03.
Interstate 595 follows an elevated viaduct as it skirts the northern edge of the airport and prepares to intersect U.S. 1. Photo taken 12/28/03.
The right two lanes provide access to U.S. 1 south to Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport. Photo taken 12/28/03.
Eastbound Interstate 595 reaches Exit 12A, Junction U.S. 1/Florida 5 south to the Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport and Hollywood. The penultimate exit is Exit 12B, Junction U.S. 1/Florida 5 north to downtown Fort Lauderdale. Photo taken 12/28/03.
The left two lanes transition onto eastbound Eller Drive to Port Everglades, while the right two lanes enter a loop ramp onto northbound U.S. 1 to Fort Lauderdale. Photo taken 12/28/03.
The end of Interstate 595 is signed with an END shield; the mainline freeway transitions directly onto Eller Drive eastbound toward Port Everglades. Photos taken 12/28/03.
The smokestacks of the Port Everglades Power Plant rise above the Interstate 595 and U.S. 1 interchange, as seen from the right of way near the END Interstate 595 shield. Photo taken 12/28/03.
As a service for travelers, the rental car agencies have facilities along Eller Drive to southbound N.E. 7th Avenue or U.S. 1 north, as evidenced by this sign. Photo taken 12/28/03.
Eller Drive and U.S. 1 north split, with the right two lanes exiting onto U.S. 1. Photo taken 12/28/03.
After the U.S. 1 interchange, eastbound Eller Drive enters Port Everglades. The massive power station is immediately visible, and the port lies ahead. The upcoming at-grade intersection is N.E. 7th Avenue, which heads south toward a series of rental car agencies that serve the Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport. Photo taken 12/28/03.
A variable message sign identified the threat level as "orange" on this day; the sign was placed as a precautionary measure for the power plant and port. Photo taken 12/28/03.
Westbound Interstate 595
This is the first westbound Interstate 595 shield, which is located just prior to the U.S. 1 overpass on the transition from Eller Drive. There is no direct connection from westbound Eller Drive onto U.S. 1. Photo taken 12/28/03.
The next exit along westbound is Exits 10B-A, Junction Interstate 95. The parent route of Interstate 595, Interstate 95 extends south to Miami (Exit 10B) and north to West Palm Beach (Exit 10A). Photo taken 12/28/03.
It's not too often that we photograph billboards, but here is a billboard that extols the virtues of driving along the Florida's Turnpike Enterprise. This billboard is targeting traffic that might be deciding whether to use Interstate 95 or Florida's Turnpike north along the Atlantic Coast toward West Palm Beach and beyond. The billboard reads, "Florida's Turnpike-The Less Stressway: Exit Three Miles Ahead." Photo taken 12/28/03.
Westbound Interstate 595 reaches Exit 10B, Junction Interstate 95 south to Miami; the next exit is Exit 10A, Junction Interstate 95 north to West Palm Beach. Photo taken 12/28/03.
Westbound Interstate 595 reaches Exit 10A, Junction Interstate 95 north to West Palm Beach. This exit ramp delivers westbound traffic onto a separate set of lanes that parallels Interstate 95 in a collector-distributor lane. Photo taken 12/28/03.
View of the two-lane ramp that carries westbound Interstate 595 traffic onto northbound Interstate 95. Photo taken 12/28/03.
A set of Florida 84 overhead signs is visible above the transition ramp from Interstate 595 west to Interstate 95 north. The transition ramp is now heading due north, and it is running parallel to the mainline freeway. Photo taken 12/28/03.
As an additional lane joins the transition ramp from the right, the traffic from that extra lane must merge onto the two-lane transition ramp as the freeway passes the Florida 84 interchange. Photos taken 12/28/03.
The Interstate 95 mainline is visible from the Interstate 595 transition ramp. From here, continue on Interstate 95 northbound in Broward County. Photo taken 12/28/03.
Continuing westbound on Interstate 595, the freeway interchanges with U.S. 441/Florida 7 and Florida's Turnpike and merges with Florida 84. Immediately thereafter, westbound Florida 84 separates from westbound Interstate 595 west at Exit 7, which is the Davie Road interchange. Davie Road (S.W. 64th Avenue). Use Davie Road south to Florida International University-Broward, Nova Southeastern University, and Buehler Planetarium and Observatory. Photo taken 12/28/03.
Florida 84 will follow a frontage road from Exit 7 west to just prior to the U.S. 27 interchange on Interstate 75 northbound. Westbound Interstate 595 reaches Exit 7, Davie Road/S.W. 64th Avenue. Photo taken 12/28/03.
The next exit along northbound is Exit 5, Junction Florida 817, University Drive north to Plantation, Sunrise, Tamarac, and Coral Springs and south to Cooper City and Miramar. Photo taken 12/28/03.
Westbound Interstate 595/Port Everglades Expressway reaches Exit 5, Junction Florida 817 (University Drive). Like all exits between Florida's Turnpike and Interstate 75, access to Exit 5 is taken via a slip ramp connection onto the Florida 84 westbound frontage road. Photo taken 12/28/03.
These signs are posted on the collector-distributor lanes for the Florida 817 exit. Note that Interstate 595 is signed with a control city of "To Interstate 75." Photo taken 12/28/03.
The next exit along westbound Interstate 595 is Exit 4, Pine Island Road north to Plantation and south to Davie. Photo taken 12/28/03.
The ramp from westbound Interstate 595 to Exit 4 is a slip ramp onto westbound Florida 84 (Frontage Road). Westbound Florida 84 reaches Pine Island Road at this traffic signal. The left lane turns onto southbound Pine Island Road; the middle lanes continue straight ahead toward the Interstate 75 and Toll Florida 869; and northbound Pine Island Road. Photo taken 12/28/03.
The next exit along westbound Interstate 595 is Exit 3, Nob Hill Road south into Davie and north into Plantation. Photo taken 11/20/03.
Exit 2 along westbound Interstate 595 is Hiatus Road south into Davie. Photo taken 11/20/03.
Westbound Interstate 595/Port Everglades Expressway reaches Exit 1B, Junction Florida 823, Flamingo Road. The next exit is Exit 1A, Junction Florida 84 west to S.W. 136th Avenue, followed by the western terminus interchange with Interstate 75 and Toll Florida 869. Photo taken 11/20/03.
The last exit along westbound is Exit 1A, Junction Florida 84 west (frontage road) to S.W. 136th Avenue. Florida 84 continues west under the shadow of the Interstate 75/Toll Florida 869 interchange and acts as the frontage road to Interstate 75 until just prior to the U.S. 27 interchange. Photo taken 11/20/03.
The right two lanes will transition onto northbound Toll Florida 869/Sawgrass Expressway, while the left two lanes transition onto southbound Interstate 75. The middle two lanes continue west onto Interstate 75 northbound, which is the Alligator Alley en route to Naples on the Gulf Coast. Photo taken 11/20/03.
The Interstate 75/Toll Florida 869 stack interchange rises into view as Interstate 595 reaches its western terminus. Photo taken 11/20/03.

Page Updated March 9, 2005.