Florida A1A is a north/south route that runs in sections along the entire Atlantic coast of Florida. (It is also the name of a popular Jimmy Buffet album). It is used mainly as a local road for beach traffic and rarely as an alternate to U.S. 1, unless one desires beachfront scenery and beachgoing traffic. The route has evolved over the years, and it currently consists of eight separate sections:
- A local route on the southern side of Key West, following Roosevelt Boulevard. Florida A1A begins at the intersection of Bertha Street and Roosevelt Boulevard, then passes by Key West International Airport before meeting U.S. 1 at the east end of the island. The highway is shown on some maps continuing south as a county route from Bertha Street south west to U.S. 1 at the intersection of Whitehead Street and Virginia Street, but it is not signed.
- In the Miami area, Florida A1A forms the main north-south route on the barrier islands and on Miami Beach. it begins at U.S. 1 and Interstate 395 and reconnects to U.S. 1 in Broward County. Known here as the MacArthur Causeway, Collins Avenue, and Ocean Drive. Florida A1A replaced former U.S. 41 along the MacArthur Causeway between Miami and Miami Beach.
- In the Ft. Lauderdale area, Florida A1A hugs the Atlantic coast and provides for mostly tourist and beach traffic. Both ends of this section end at U.S. 1, with the southern terminus at 18th Avenue in Broward and the northern terminus at Dixie Highway in Palm Beach County. It is known locally as Southeast 17th Street, Atlantic Boulevard, Ocean Boulevard, and 21st Avenue.
- In the Palm Beach area, Florida A1A is the north/south route on the coast. Both ends at U.S. 1: the southern terminus is at Broadway and the northern terminus is at PGA Boulevard. Known locally as Blue Heron Boulevard and Ocean Drive.
- In the Stuart and Jupiter areas, Florida A1A again runs along the coast. And again, Florida A1A connects to U.S. 1 at its southern end at Florida 714 and its northern end at Federal Highway. Florida A1A is known locally as Ocean Boulevard and Seaway Boulevard.
- At Port St. Lucie, Vero Beach, and Cape Canaveral, Florida A1A again splits off from U.S. 1 to follow the coast. Florida A1A serves beach traffic and NASA installations. The southern terminus is U.S. 1 in Jensen Beach and the northern terminus is at Cocoa Boulevard, after turning west along Florida 528/Bee Line Expressway. Through this long section, Florida A1A is known locally on Florida's Space Coast as Astronaut Boulevard, Bennett Causeway, Miramar Avenue, and Atlantic Avenue.
- In the Daytona Beach and New Smyrna Beach area, Florida A1A begins again at Atlantic Avenue and extends to meet U.S. 1 at Ridgewood Avenue. It is known locally as Lytle Street and 3rd Avenue. An orphaned section is known as Volusia County Route A1A, and it enters Canaveral National Seashore, where it ends and does not reconnect to U.S. 1.
- The northernmost section of Florida A1A extends from Daytona Beach all the way to the northern end inland near Callahan. Florida A1A serves the Jacksonville area with a short break over the St. John's River mouth. (Use Florida 10 west to Florida 9A/Future Interstate 295 north to Florida 105 east to detour.) The southern terminus is at U.S. 1, Ridgewood Avenue in the Daytona area. In Nassau County, Florida A1A turns inland to end at U.S. 1/23/301. For this section, Florida A1A is locally known as Dunlawton Avenue, Ocean Short Boulevard, Anastasia Boulevard, Bridge of Lions, Menendex Road, Ponce de Leon Street, Ponte Vedra Boulevard, Atlantic Boulevard, and the First Coast Highway.
Many thanks to Justin Cozart and Jason Learned for the background information about Florida A1A. This information was originally posted on TropicalTurnpikes.com and is reproduced with permission by Justin Cozart.
Florida A1A Mileage
These mileage totals include the state-maintained segments of Florida A1A but not the county maintained sections:
- Monroe (2.895)
- Miami-Dade (21.982)
- Broward (25.627)
- Palm Beach (35.092)
- Martin (6.904)
- Saint Lucie (25.654)
- Indian River (22.518)
- Brevard (43.237)
- Volusia (23.925)
- Flagler (17.69)
- Saint Johns (40.264)
- Duval (21.965)
- Nassau (26.729)
The portion of State Road A1A between Mayport Ferry and Fernandina Beach opened on November 1, 1950 as a toll road. Named Buccaneer Trail, tolls of 50 cents per car and 25 cents for bicyclists and pedestrians were collected for the Fort George River bridge linking Fort George and Little Talbot Islands. Toll collection ceased at the crossing on August 1, 1983, when rates for the Mayport Ferry increased from 50 cents to $1.50.1
- "Neighbor to Neighbor (column)." Florida Times-Union (Jacksonville, FL), June 22, 1996.
Page Updated December 6, 2004.